How to Paint Furniture without sanding

 

If you’ve ever wondered how to paint furniture, this easy tutorial is for you! My step-by-step guide will walk you through the process of giving old furniture new life with a can of paint and a few other handy tools.

How to Paint Furniture

It’s done! It’s finally done! I now own the kitchen hutch of my dreams. I’ve been wanting, craving, a hutch for years, and now I own it. I’m beyond pleased with how it turned out.

I bought this beauty at a garage sale last Saturday for $50. It’s large. Very, very large. It’s just shy of five feet wide and almost seven feet tall. The whole thing is wood except for the back panel which is a laminate panel.

Before:

How to Paint Furniture

After:

How to Paint Furniture

I did some serious research in preparation to paint this hutch. The most useful site that I found was Centsational Girl. The woman is a genius, has painted tons of things, and is so clear in her instructions. I am so glad I found her site because it’s just plain great.

One of the big reasons for the research was because I was not going to sand the entire thing down to the wood. I read lots and lots and went with a method that involved very little sanding. Painting furniture without sanding is the way to go!

Most of the big-time furniture painters are very specific on brands and types of primer/paint conditioner/polyurethane that they use. Lots of the women paint and then sell furniture in shops, so they do it for a living. I went with what the experts said.

How to paint furniture without sanding (including laminate)

What you will need:

Zinsser Cover Stain oil-based primer
Floetrol paint conditioner
paint thinner
Elmer’s wood filler
good quality two-inch angled brush (mine is a Purdy brush)
fine-grit sanding block, medium-grit sanding block, coarse-grit sanding block
paint of your choice
Minwax water-based Polycrylic (Varathane water-based polyurethane was also an acceptable choice)
screw driver
tack cloth or lint free rag for wiping and dusting

How to Paint Furniture

Prep the furniture

Remove all of the doors and hardware using a screwdriver. I decided that I didn’t want the doors on top at all, so I removed them and then used a Sawzall to cut the two vertical boards that the doors were attached to. I pulled out the boards but was left with holes where the boards were and where the hinges were screwed in. I followed the directions on the Elmer’s wood-filler to patch the holes and then sanded them smooth. If you are planning on changing the hardware you may need to patch the old hardware holes too. The wood filler is also great to fix large scratches and dings.

How to Paint Furniture

Light sanding

Use the medium-grit sanding block to rough up all surfaces you are going to paint. I didn’t paint the inside of the cabinet bottoms; it’s a personal preference. You aren’t really sanding, you are just lightly scratching the surface to give the primer a better finish to adhere to. I just quickly went over the entire piece, which only took me 15 minutes. Remove all of the dust completely before moving on.

How to Paint Furniture

Prime

Using Zinsser Cover Stain oil-based primer is the key here. It’s the only primer any of the big-timers use and I have to agree that it worked great. It’s the key for painting without sanding and for painting laminate furniture. At around $20 for the gallon, it’s well worth the time you save on sanding. It is oil-based, so you will need paint thinner or mineral spirits to clean your brush. And be warned – this stuff is not low-VOC. Holy stink; I had all of the windows and door open as well as a fan blowing air out the window. I opted for two coats of primer because two is better than one in this case.

How to Paint Furniture

Paint

Even though the primer is oil-based, you can use whatever paint you want. Most people suggested using an acrylic water-based paint. I had lots of white paint left over from painting the ceilings of our remodel, so I used that. The sheen of the paint doesn’t really matter because you are going to cover it anyhow. I added the Floetrol paint conditioner to the paint which is meant to help reduce brush marks. Just follow the instructions on the bottle. Again, I did two coats of paint. Allow the paint to dry for 24 hours before moving on to the polyurethane.

How to Paint Furniture

Distress

If you are going for the shabby chic/vintage look then you can distress the paint. If you like it without, then skip this step. I wasn’t sure if I wanted to distress this piece or not. It was my first big painting project. I had my fair share of paint drips and brush strokes regardless of the care I took to prevent them, so I decided that distressing was a good option for me. It was painful at first to scratch up my freshly painted piece, but in the end I’m glad that I did it. I like the look, but it also will make using it easier. I don’t want to worry about a little wear and tear from the babies. Now the first scratch will blend in.

Use the coarse sandpaper block to go over the edges, and then follow up with the medium-grit sandpaper. The coarse cut through my 4 layers well and the medium fanned out the scratch lightly to make it look more real. This step was really fun once I made the plunge.

How to Paint Furniture

How to Paint Furniture

Polyurethane

This is the protective top-coat that you don’t want to skip. This will prevent more of your paint from scratching off and really makes the piece last. Minwax and Varathane were the two main brands big-timers use. There are a few types, including a wipe-on paste, that people like. Everyone seems to agree on one point though: do not use an oil based top-coat. The oil-based (and off-brands) will yellow, and on a light piece you definitely don’t want that. I did two coats of Minwax water-based Polycrylic that was semi-gloss. This is the final coat and the sheen that you pick will be what you see as the end result. I lightly sanded (with the fine-grit block) and dusted between the coats to remove drips and brush strokes.

If you are finishing a desk or table top that will get lots of wear and tear, 4-6 coats of polyurethane is suggested.

It was recommended that you wait for 24 hours before using the piece. I let the hutch cure over the weekend and now it’s ready to use.

How to Paint Furniture

Be sure to read labels, wear old clothes, and paint in a well ventilated area.

The hutch didn’t turn out flawless- it had its share of drips, brush strokes, and dust that I polyurethaned to it, but it was well worth the effort.

I really, really liked doing this and can see myself getting into the business side of this hobby in the future. Most of the ladies who do this to sell their pieces own spray guns which would make the process 10 times faster and make the end result much, much smoother. Purchasing a spray gun is something that I will consider looking into in the future.

How to Paint Furniture

How to Paint Furniture

Here is a price breakdown if you are interested:

Garage sale Hutch: $50
Zinsser Primer: $20
Sanding blocks: $7
Floetrol: $8
Paint thinner: $4
Minwax Polycrylic: $17
Brush: had
Paint: had
Hardware: used what it came with

Total: $106

How to Paint Furniture

Thanks for reading! I hope you love this piece as much as I do. Has anyone else painted a piece of furniture before?

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Trevion Johnson
Trevion Johnson

It’s looking good. Looking forward to seeing part 2. Happy Christmas to you and thanks for the videos. Keep em comin’

Trevion Johnson
Trevion Johnson

Yes looking beautiful just send the to my son to fix mind with a reward just to make him do it fast nuff respect and blessings

Sue C Augino
Sue C Augino

What if you want to paint over very light stained pine? Do you still have to sand and prime? Can you use a milk paint type product. My project is starting today. HELP

Beforea
Beforea

Haha and I typically dp the exact opposite. I find a tired piece of furniture that somebody painted, remove all that paint, sand, stain and varnish. I think any furniture looks classier this way. Then I would – depending on the mood- decoupage something onto the piece, depending how I feel. I guess it is a good thing that people make their items their own, but I could never understand why you would take a gorgeous hutch like that and paint over that gorgeous wooden finish.

Sam Kresslein

I want to paint my wood bedroom furniture white but was dreading the thought of having to sand, first. Can’t wait to try this technique. I hope it turns out okay for me! Thanks.

Keisha

Oh finally i can paint my desk without sanding. Went to home depot and unfortunately they couldn’t point me to anything i can use without sanding. Thanks for sharing this super helpful information. This is going to save me a looot of work and energy. :)

Hela
Hela

Ughhhh I did the sanding method and went with a paint with primer and I am not happy. The lady convinced me I would need a primer since the paint is also a primer. Even though the dresser is fully covered and looks great at first certain angles you can see the spots I sanded. ?I will definitely go out and buy primer today for the rest of my pieces.

Liz
Liz

Hi! Just found This post and I’m so grateful! I’m turning an entertainment center into a toy storage / desk for my playroom. I’m a littler nervous to do it white bc I feel like the poly almost always makes it yellow. Did you experience that at all with this piece? Thanks!

Sue
Sue

Beautiful job! Thank you very much fun for your detailed posting. I am going to try this method with a dining set I have. Fingers crossed! ?

Theresa
Theresa

Just what I needed to see-my sister discouraged me from redoing my dark brown hutch bc I’d have to strip the varnish she said. I’ll try this and am sure it will be great. Thanks! You’re very encouraging! Theresa of Maine

Ruth M.
Ruth M.

You are right. The most important step is using a good quality primer. Zinsser makes an excellent product, and I used it to prime my ugly dark oak kitchen cabinets before painting them white. It’s amazing how primer can smooth out a finish and cover small crevices. And it is a must before painting any surface. For instance, if the surface were painted with an old oil-based paint and you tried to paint over with a water-based paint, the result would be a peeling mess. So my motto has always been,”When in doubt, prime it out.”

Painting old furniture as you have done really brightens it up and removes that “dated” look. Great job!

Donna
Donna

I have the exact same china cabinet. It was the first piece I painted, it was so heavy and dark.. I did sand mine, left the doors on, painted it all white except the inside, I painted that light gray with sparkles and I did replace the inside paneling with plywood. Yours is a great inspiration.

Bless This Mess - About Me

I’m Melissa, and I want to help you feed your family wholesome food.

As a hobby farmer and mom of five, I’m all about keeping it simple in the kitchen. I want healthy meals that feed my family well, and then I want to get back to my (messy) life. Let’s work together to find something yummy for your dinner table.